Corneal diseases are conditions that affect the corneas of your eyes. Corneas are the top most clear layer inside your eyes, located on top of the pupil and the iris. They protect your iris and the lens, and they help your eyes to focus light. If there are any problems with your corneas due to any infection or eye diseases, you may start having vision problems.
The corneal conditions can affect your eyes in the following ways:
- You may start feeling pain in your eyes.
- Your eyes might feel itchy often
- You may experience cloudiness in your cornea
- You may also experience increased sensitivity to light.
- Your vision may feel blurry, or you may feel a reduction in your vision’s clarity.
- You may feel an Inflammation or redness in the eyes, making it hard to see.
- In some cases, people also get headaches, nausea, or fatigue.
- If you have been in an accident or trauma which may have injured your cornea, it may severely affect your vision.
Corneal problems are not easily detectable by self-diagnosis in the initial stages. Therefore, please consult an eye specialist at the New Jersey Eye Center for a comprehensive eye examination if you experience any of the above problems. If the condition is left untreated, it may cause severe vision loss. There are many factors, such as eye infections and diseases that may cause corneal issues.
Causes of Corneal diseases
Corneas can be damaged by a range of factors such as the following:
- Eye Infection: If you have an eye infection or inflammation, it may lead to corneal damage if not treated on time. It can also cause permanent damage to the cornea in severe cases.
- Eye injury or trauma: if your eyes have suffered an eye injury in an accident or any trauma where your eyes have been in chemical contact, it can cause permanent damage.
- Degenerative corneal disorders: Some corneal conditions cause the thinning or thickness of the cornea. In that case, you should immediately consult a corneal specialist to get the right treatment and minimize the damage.
- Autoimmune disorders: There are certain autoimmune conditions such as Wegener’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, or lupus, etc., which may damage the cornea.
- Nutritional deficiencies: The deficiency of Vitamin A in the body is a leading cause of corneal problems.
- Allergies: Some specific allergies or allergic reactions to medications, in rare cases, may cause corneal damage.
- Medical conditions: Certain chronic medical conditions may also affect the cornea leading to vision problems in the long run.
- Wearing contact lenses with negligence: if you wear contact lenses for a prolonged period without proper care, it may cause an eye infection, damaging the cornea.
Other than these, there might also be some aging factors that contribute to cornea problems in your eyes. Therefore, it is best to get a comprehensive eye exam as soon as you notice any eye problems. Our corneal specialists in New Jersey use advanced technology and surgical techniques to diagnose and treat a wide range of vision problems. After an initial assessment, the doctors can advise you regarding your corneal condition and suggest the right treatment to prevent permanent damage.
If you are suffering from a corneal disease or need corneal transplant services in New Jersey, schedule an appointment with our corneal specialists at the New Jersey Eye Center today!