A comprehensive eye exam by an eye care professional can diagnose myopia. This may include the use of dilating eyedrops for closer examination of the retina and optic nerve.
Many near-sighted patients with high myopia of -5.0 or more present with lattice degeneration – a thinning of the retina.
A diabetic baseline examination involves examining the thickness of the macula. A diabetic can have diabetic macular edema, which requires specific treatment.
Diagnoses can be assisted by indirect ophthalmoscopy. This can detect whether there is a retinal tear, a retinal hole or vitreous hemorrhage.
Checking the retinal circulation by forcing fluorescein dye into the eye is another common diagnostic procedure. Our Eye Center has lots of experience in this and many other techniques.
The most common treatment for myopia is corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses. These refocus light onto the retina. Our eye care professionals can identify the most appropriate lenses in individual cases.
Refractive surgery, using a laser, is another option. The aim of such surgery is to change the shape of the cornea to better focus light on the retina. However, such surgery is never undertaken lightly as there may be side-effects. Hence the importance of professional advice and care.
Other treatments include intraocular injections that can help treat diabetic macular edema. We also treat severe perfusion prolific diabetic retinopathy.
The technology is developing fast. Specialists are even exploring ways to repair retinal damage with stem cells or implantable bioprosthetic chips.
Our ophthalmologists specialize in retina disorders that can lead to high myopia. This is a common problem among patients. If you are worried about vision loss, or myopia and high myopia, make an appointment today at the New Jersey Eye Center. Phone (201) 374-8900. Email: [email protected].