New Jersey Eye Center also treats diabetic retinopathy, which causes damage to the retina’s blood vessels. If you have diabetes, you have a good chance of having diabetic retinopathy.
Symptoms include blurred vision, the appearance of floaters, difficulty with color perception, and eye pain.
Diabetes causes elevated sugar levels, and this can damage the small blood vessels feeding the retina. Diabetic macular edema occurs when damaged blood vessels leak fluid into the retina, causing a swelling in the center of the eye.
The longer you have had diabetes the more at risk of diabetic retinopathy you are. Other risk factors are high blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
To test for diabetic retinopathy the specialist normally puts drops in the eyes to make them open wide. This allows a better view of the retina.