Early on in the process, pterygia do not usually cause any obvious symptoms. But for some patients a pterygium may lead to symptoms consistent with dry eye, like itching, burning, or tearing. This happens because the growth causes the ocular surface to be irregularly moist.
As the pterygium grows in size and becomes increasingly visible to the naked eye, the condition often becomes cosmetically unappealing to the patient. Aside from purely cosmetic concerns, pterygia can cause visual disturbances and visual symptoms when they are large because they encroach on the visual axis.
Treatment for both pinguecula and pterygium will depend on the size of the growths, and the state that the conditions have progressed to.
Simple treatments for a pterygium like artificial tears and certain eye drops help to relieve the irritation and burning symptoms that a pterygium can cause. For very aggressive symptoms, an ophthalmologist might prescribe anti-allergy drops or anti-inflammatory drops.
If a pterygium has grown so large that a patient’s vision is affected, the growth might need to be surgically removed. Surgeons often take steps to prevent the regrowth of the pterygium. These steps might include a transplant of conjunctiva from another area in the eye, anti-metabolite drugs, or localized radiation to the area.
The condition can sometimes be mistaken for other conditions such as pinguecula. Left untreated, pterygia can cause astigmatisms, loss of vision, and painful and irritating dry eye symptoms. Caught early though, the symptoms and potential dangers of a pterygium are easily managed.
If you think you may have a pterygium do not hesitate in getting it checked by one of our ophthalmologists.
Simple actions to take to reduce your risk of the conditions include wearing sunglasses when out in bright sunshine. A wide-brimmed hat also helps keep the eyes in shade.
Your eyesight is incredibly important. Be sure to have regular check-ups if you notice any changes in your eyes or vision.
Contact us today If you or your loved one suspect you may have pinguecula and pterygium.
Do not hesitate to get your eyes checked out by one of our doctors.